1964年第2期文章目次

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  • 1  西藏南部晚侏罗世及早白垩世的若干箭石
    杨遵仪,吴顺宝
    1964(2):187-199. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.001
    [摘要](3) [HTML](0) [PDF 2.98 M](153)
    摘要:
    我国古生物的研究,已有几十年的历史,但对于箭石还未有正式报导。本文研究的大量箭石标本是中国科学院西藏考察队丰茂森和常承法1960年在江孜东面龙马至加不拉一带和丰茂森、胡兆扬、吴顺宝1961年在定结至定日一带收集的。箭石经鉴定有2个属12个种,其中新种6个,还有一些未定种。由于箭石在我国是首次研究,故对其硬体构造及鉴定特征也作了简单叙述。在研究过程中孙云铸教授提供了一部分可贵的标本,并根据菊石的研究对加不拉剖面的地质界线提出指导性意见;尹赞勋教授提出了宝贵的意见;丰茂森同志及尹集祥同志提供了许多实际资料;本院教学科研辅助科照相及绘图。笔者对他们表示衷心感谢。
    2  LATE JURASSIC—EARLY CRETACEOUS BELEMNITES FROM SOUTHERN TIBET,CHINA
    YANG TSUN-YI,WU SHUN-BAO
    1964(2):200-216. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.002
    [摘要](0) [HTML](0) [PDF 2.60 M](255)
    摘要:
    The belemnites described here were collected by two field parties visiting southernTibet respectively in 1960 and 1961 from(1)the Lungma—Kapula area,east of Ziang-zhi and(2)Dingje and Dingri,all of which are situated southwest of Lhasa.Theyconsist of two genera and twelve species with six new species and they may be differen-tiated into two assemblages:the first assemblage of upper Oxfordian—lower Tithonianage with Belemnopsis gerardi(Oppel)as its leading species and the second of early Cre-taceous age with Hibolites subfusiformis(Raspail)as its chief element.The geologic sections which bear the belemnites are given as follows(in descendingorder)
    3  四川江油马角坝中、晚石炭世的(竹蜓)类
    张遴信
    1964(2):217-228. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.003
    [摘要](1) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.75 M](140)
    摘要:
    中、上石炭统在四川省境内分布范围较窄,除涪陵一带可能有中石炭统沉积外,只在西北部龙门山一带及松潘区(?)有零星出露。其中以江油马角坝附近发育比较完整,产化石较丰富。1961年,我所川北地层队在江油县马角坝附近张坝沟一个采石场测得中、上石炭统剖面一个,采集了(竹蜓)类及珊瑚类化石若干。剖面的层序自上而下为
    4  MIDDLE AND UPPER CARBONIFEROUS FUSULINIDS FROM JIANGYOU DISTRICT,NORTHWESTERN SZECHUAN
    CHANG LIN-HSIN
    1964(2):228-235. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.004
    [摘要](0) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.11 M](249)
    摘要:
    The fusulinids studied here were collected in 1961 by Mr.C.G.Shi and the writerfrom the Middle and Upper Carboniferous rocks exposed near Majiaoba,a town ofJiangyou district,Northwestern Szechuan.The Middle and Upper Carboniferous depositsin this region are composed almost of limestones with a total thickness about 122 meters.
    5  玉山笔石(Yushanograptus)——江西玉山宁国页岩组中的一个新笔石属
    陈旭,孙旭荣,韩乃仁
    1964(2):236-238. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.005
    [摘要](0) [HTML](0) [PDF 261.05 K](91)
    摘要:
    本文所讨论的材料是笔者之一(韩乃仁)于1961年夏在江西玉山李家棚附近的下奥陶统宁国页岩组中采得的(野外号码:F61001),代表一个新属新种,兹取名为“分离玉山笔石”(Yushanograptus separatus gen.et sp.nov.)。玉山笔石的特点是两个原始枝(横索)很长,分枝方式属于稜笔石式(穆恩之,1953,1956)。其尚未分枝的幼年时期,和一些纤细的对笔石,如Didymograptus gracilis T?rn-quist,D.congnatus Harris et Thomas 等,非常相似,每一原始枝在生长了11—12个胞管之后才开始正分枝,连续到六级以上。这种原始枝特长的特征,与联笔石(Zygograptus)相似,但分枝的形式不同。联笔石的分枝为枝笔石式,而我们的新属的分枝则为左右相间
    6  YUSHANOGRAPTUS,A NEW GRAPTOLITE GENUS FROM THE NINGKUO SHALE(LOWER ORDOVICIAN)OF YUSHAN,NORTHEASTERN JIANGXI(KIANGSI)
    X.CHEN,X.R.SUN,N.R.HAN
    1964(2):239-240. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.006
    [摘要](0) [HTML](0) [PDF 149.83 K](130)
    摘要:
    The new genus Yushanograptus described in the present paper is a monotypic genuswith Yushanograptus separatus gen.et sp.nov.as the genotype which is represented by5 specimens securd by one of the writers(Han)in the summer of 1961 from the NingkuoShale at the locality near Lijiapeng of the Yushan district,northeastern Jiangxi(Kiangsi)Province(Field No.F61001).The marked features of the new genus are the two long and slender primary stipesand the Goniograptid type in branching.The young forms of this new graptolite bear astriking resemblance to the slender Didymograpti,such as Didymograptus gracilis T?rn-quist,D.cognatus Harris et Thomas etc.The same is the case in Zygograptus,particul-arly in Zygograptus irregularis Harris et Thomas.In the mode of branching of the
    7  柴达木盆地甘森区介形类化石
    黄宝仁
    1964(2):241-255. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.007
    [摘要](2) [HTML](0) [PDF 4.54 M](201)
    摘要:
    本文所描述的介形类化石,系某地质队于1955年秋在柴达木盆地甘森区北部一层淡黄色泥岩中采集的。样品野外编号G467。化石层的地质时代,据野外队的意见,很可能是上新世至第四纪的。与介形类共生的化石,有轮藻一种Chara gansenensis Wang(王水,1961)属上新世或更晚一些;腹足类经余汶同志初步鉴定,为上新世至现代的种属,有Planorbis sp.和Limnaea sp.;植物和鱼骨,因过于破碎,未作鉴定。化石保存状况:介形类绝大多数壳体白色透明,仅少数微带淡褐黄色。轮藻和腹足类呈乳白色。鱼骨碎片为深褐色。植物仅具印痕。
    8  OSTRACODS FROM GANSEN DISTRICT,CHAIDAM BASIN
    HUANG BAO-REN
    1964(2):256-270. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.008
    [摘要](0) [HTML](0) [PDF 3.78 M](275)
    摘要:
    The Ostracods studied in this paper were collected by the members of a geologicalparty in 1955 from the yellowish silt-clay in Gansen district,Chaidam Basin.Accord-ing to the collecter’s opinion,the geological age of the fossil bearing bed is Pliocene toQuaternary.The Ostracods are found in association with a charophyta,Chara gansenensis Wang(S.Wang,1961),gastropods and some indeterminable fragments of plant and fish bone.The species of Ostracoda described and illustrated in this paper are as follows:Ilyo-cypris gibba(Ramdohr),Eucypris inflata(Sars),Prionocypris gansenensis Huang(sp.nov.),Cypricercus brevis Huang(sp.nov.),Cypridopsis reticulata Huang(sp.nov.),Cyc-locypris serena(Koch),Candona neglecta Sars,C.houae Huang(sp.nov.),Limnocythere dubiosa Daday,L.sancti-patricii Brady et Robertson,L.binoda Huang(sp.nov.)and Cyprideis littoralis(Brady).From the geological distribution of this Ostracod assemblage,the fossil bearing bedmay be of Pleistocene in age.
    9  川北广元羣中的几个介形类化石
    何俊德
    1964(2):271-275. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.009
    [摘要](0) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.07 M](155)
    摘要:
    四川广元附近红色岩层广元羣分布广泛,出露较好。根据我所川北地层队1961年的研究,将广元羣自上而下可分为4个组。上复地层——城墙岩羣。平行不整合广元羣丁段:砖红色石英长石砂岩、长石石英砂岩、长石砂岩等,夹少许砖红色砂质粘土层。下部厚层砂岩中常含稀疏小砾石,有时砾石较集中成为砾岩……………………………………314.70米。丙段:主要为紫红色泥岩及砂质泥岩组成,夹少数薄层粉砂岩及灰白色粗砂岩透镜体。在中上部紫红色泥岩中有极细的石膏夹层。中下部有含砂淡水灰岩扁豆体。本组从上至下化石丰富,瓣
    10  НЕКОТОРЫЕ МАТЕРИАЛЫ ПО ОСТРАКОДАМ ИЗ ΓУАНЪЮАНСКОЙ СЕРИИ В ПРОВИНЦИИ СЫЧУАНИ
    Хэ Цзюнь-дэ
    1964(2):276-279. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.010
    [摘要](8) [HTML](0) [PDF 802.24 K](247)
    摘要:
    1961:Darwinula aff.contracta Mandelstam D.cf.impudica Sharapova D.sarytirmenensis Sharapova D.guangyuanensis sp.nov.Metacypris sp.
    11  广西、贵州早石炭世层孔虫
    董得源
    1964(2):280-291. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.011
    [摘要](20) [HTML](0) [PDF 6.31 M](138)
    摘要:
    早石炭世的层孔虫是比较少的,在中国还没有正式描述过。虽然满苏(Mansuy,1911—1916)早就提到矢部(Yabe)在云南石炭纪地层中曾找到过裂孔层孔虫(Disjec-topora),但既无图版,又无描述,确切的产地和层位也都不详。而且,裂孔层孔虫属是不是属于层孔虫目,目前的意见还不一致。早石炭世层孔虫在欧洲曾有记载。早在1862年麦克考伊(M’coy)在爱尔兰的石炭系描述过Stromatopopra subtilis M’coy;丹提(Danty,1893)在德国阿亨附近的艾特隆层(Etroeungt)中,描述过Clathrodictyon aquisgranense Danty;古瑞希(Gürich,1904)在波兰克腊可夫相当于艾特隆层中也找到过Stromatoporella cracoviensis Gürich。此后,史
    12  STROMATOPOROIDS FROM THE EARLY CARBONIFEROUS OF KWANGSI AND KUEICHOW
    DONG DE-YUAN
    1964(2):292-311. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.012
    [摘要](28) [HTML](0) [PDF 5.80 M](268)
    摘要:
    The specimens dealt with here were furnished by Prof.K.C.Yang and Miss W.S.Wu in 1961 to the writer for study.They were collected from the lower part of theShizixu formation of Luocheng and Huanjiang districts,Kwangsi province and from thelower part of the Kolaoho formation of Dushan and Duyun districts,southern Kuei-chow province.All the stromatoporoids obtained from Kwangsi are associated with coral:Cystophrentis sp.;and those from Kueichow are associated with brachiopods:Schucher-tella sp.,Athyris sp.,Camarotoechia sp.,a little bit below the horizon of Cystophrentis.
    13  陕南秦岭东段地区的几种海相早三迭世瓣鳃类化石
    刘路
    1964(2):312-320. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.013
    [摘要](13) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.19 M](159)
    摘要:
    前言秦岭山地的地层与构造很早即经研究。因为岩层遭受了不同程度的变质,保存的生物遗迹大都被破坏,所以本区地层系统的划分与对比,过去仍有不少问题未能获得解决。其中海相三迭系在秦岭的发育与分布,便是地质界一向注意的问题。本文记述了新近在陕南秦岭东段采得的一些三迭纪海相化石,并综合前人的资料,对秦岭褶皱带的海相三迭系分布地点及其古地理意义作一简短的介绍,供今后研究秦岭地区三迭纪地层者参考。
    14  NOTES ON SOME MARINE EARLY TRIASSIC LAMELLIBRANCHIATA FROM EAST TSINLING,SOUTHERN SHANXI(SHENSI)
    L.LIU
    1964(2):321-325. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.014
    [摘要](25) [HTML](0) [PDF 634.72 K](253)
    摘要:
    Some fossils,mainly lamellibranchs,were recently discovered by a field party of theGeological Bureau of Shanxi Province at some 20 km SSE from Zhenan(Chenan)city ineastern Tsinling.The fossil locality is within the type area of the“Chenan series”(Chaoand Huang,1931)and near to the southern border of the Tsinling Axis.The collectionwas made in a series of grey-black calcareous and slaty shales,the lower part of the“Jin-jiling Qun”.After a careful study on these life-remains,Mr.C.C.Chen and the writerhave arrived at the same conclusion that these fossils are undoubtly of marine earlyTriassic.The fauna consists of the following forms:Claraia hunanica(Hsü)Cl.zhenanica Chen et Liu(sp.nov.)Cl.cf.wangi(Patte)Cl.ex gr.stachei(Bittner)Cl.sp.ind.Spirorbis?sp.cf.S.valvata(Goldfuss)Cephalopoda gen.et sp.ind.Brachiopods genera ind.
    15  湖南、甘肃早石炭世几个直壳鹦鹉螺化石
    赖才根
    1964(2):326-333. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.015
    [摘要](28) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.25 M](182)
    摘要:
    前言早石炭世直壳鹦鹉螺类在中国很少发现,近来,刘迅同志自湖南、林英铴同志自甘肃分别采获一些此类材料。经作者研究,不仅明确了这些材料的地质、地理分布,而且对中国与欧美早石炭世地层的对比,也提供一些新线索。材料包括四个属三个种及二个未定种,如下所列:Rayonnoceras hunanense(Liu)Rayonnoceras sp.Dolorthoceras guijangense Lai(新种)Euloxoceras orientale Lai(新种)Michelinoceras sp.湖南标本共有四个(刘迅,1959)已简略描述了Rayonnoceras hunanense(Liu)和Michelinoceras sp.上述四个标本经本文作者重新研究和描述,计有Rayonnoceras hunanense(Liu)Dolorthoceras guijangense Lai 和Michelinoceras sp.
    16  SOME LOWER CARBONIFEROUS STRAIGHT NAUTILOIDS FROM HUNAN AND KANSU
    LAI CHAI-GEEN
    1964(2):334-339. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.016
    [摘要](13) [HTML](0) [PDF 922.04 K](314)
    摘要:
    The straight nautiloids are not abundant in the Lower Carboniferous strata of China.The works of studing and collecting have been greatly neglected.Recently,a few speci-mens were collected by Messrs.H.Liu and Y.T.Lin.Among them Mr.Liu describedtwo species from Hunan.In this paper the following species(comprising a full re-description of Liu’s species)are described:Rayonnoceras hunanense(Liu)Rayonnoceras sp.Dolorthoceras guijangense Lai(sp.nov.)Euloxoceras orientale Lai(sp.nov.)Michelinoceras sp.
    17  中国新发现的有关玛利羊齿的材料
    李星学
    1964(2):340-343. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.017
    [摘要](9) [HTML](0) [PDF 2.04 M](127)
    摘要:
    玛利羊齿(Mariopteris)是欧美石炭系最重要的一属植物化石,种数很多,分布很广,最繁盛于中石炭世的维斯发期,纳缪尔晚期也颇常见;其中不少的种是划分地层时代的标准化石。不久之前,唐茜、柯桑(P.Danse-Corsin,1953)将常见于法国北部的许多种玛利羊齿,以及通常归于玛利羊齿这一个科内的Mariopteris,Tetramema,DicksonitesPseudomariopteris 等几个形态属,都作了一次较全面的研究。令人惊异的是,在东亚的石炭二迭纪地层中,玛利羊齿属一直还缺乏可靠的发现,虽然出于朝鲜寺洞羣被川崎(1931—34,页157,图28,图53)描述为Mariopteris?sp.,出于内蒙大青山拴马桩羣被斯行健(1934,页604,图版5,图8)描述为?Mariopteris sp.,和出
    18  NEW FINDS OF MARIOPTERIS-REMAINS FROM CHINA
    LEE HSING-HSüEH
    1964(2):344-351. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.018
    [摘要](18) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.90 M](279)
    摘要:
    Mariopteris is one of the most important Carboniferous pteridosperms in the Eura-merican floras.It is represented by more than fifty species,most of which occur ratherwidely and abundantly in the Westphalian,and not uncommon in the Upper Namuriandeposits.A thorough study of the family Mariopterides including the form genera Mariopteris,Tetratmema,Dicksonites,Pseudomariopteris and many species attributed tothem commonly found in the Carboniferous of North France has been made by P.Danzé-Corsin in 1953.The genus has hitherto not definitely been known in Eastern Asia;only a few frag-mentary specimens have been described by Kawasaki(1931—34,p.157,pl.28,fig.53)as?Mariopteris sp.from the Jido Series of Korea,by Sze(1934,p.604,pl.5,fig.8)as Mariopteris?sp.from the Hsuanmachuang Series of Tachingshan,Inner Mongolia and by Stockmans and Mathieu(1939,p.8,pl.8,fig.3)as Mariopteris?hallei from the Chaoko-chuang Series of Kaiping Basin.
    19  中国前寒武纪几种新的古藻类化石及其地层意义
    曹瑞骥
    1964(2):352-359. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.019
    [摘要](12) [HTML](0) [PDF 2.15 M](166)
    摘要:
    前寒武纪古藻类化石的研究方法目前尚在探索中。研究这些化石的微细结构并用来划分地层是否具有实际意义,这是许多学者所关心的问题。笔者对国内几个地区的古藻类化石作了试探性的研究。在切片观察中,发现部分化石保留有比较清楚的微细结构。这些结构大部分与苏联沃罗格金描述过的种、属类似,并各有其特点。本文将这些具有微细结构的古藻类化石进行了描述,并作一初步报导。本文描述的标本产于安徽淮南、宿县夹沟一带、江苏徐州、甘肃榆中、辽宁金州及北京平谷等地,其中除淮南的标本是朱兆玲等同志采集,榆中的标本是甘肃省区测队提供外,余者都是笔者所采。化石采集的层位大多可靠,除上限有下寒武统底部的三叶虫外,统、组的划分界线一般都是目前地质界公认的。这些材料包括两个新属,七个新种。兹列其属、种名称及产地、层位如次
    20  НЕСКОЛЬКО НОВЫХ ИСКОПАЕМЫХ ДРЕВНЕЙШИХ ВОДОРОСЛЕЙ ИЗ ДОКЕМБРИЙСКИХ ОТЛОЖЕНИЙ КИТАЯ И ИХ СТРАТИΓРАФИЧЕСКОЕ ЗНАЧЕНИЕ
    Цао Жуй-цзн
    1964(2):360-366. DOI: 10.19800/j.cnki.aps.1964.02.020
    [摘要](10) [HTML](0) [PDF 1.67 M](257)
    摘要:
    1960—19618 6 52 7

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