The journey to understand the Cambrian explosion started with Creation, was subsequently succeeded by Darwinism, and became increasingly impacted by the theory of explosive evolution. The Cambrian explosion by nature is an explosion of animal body plans alongside episodic biomineralization, pulsed change of generic diversity, body size variation, and increase of ecosystem complexity. It is a polythetic event in natural history and manifested in many aspects. No simple, single cause can explain the entire phenomenon. Intrinsic and extrinsic causes were extensively discussed but they are merely prerequi-sites for the Cambrian explosion. Without the molecular evolution, there could be no Cambrian explosion. However, the de-velopmental system alone is insufficient to explain Cambrian explosion. Time-equivalent environmental changes were often considered as extrinsic causes, but the time coincidence is also insufficient to establish causality. Like any other evolutionary event, it is the ecology that makes the Cambrian explosion possible though ecological processes failed to cause a burst of new body plans in the subsequent evolutionary radiations. While the Cambrian explosion did take place under circumstances when the world oceans became habitable for various forms of animals, the developmental Gene Regulatory Networks (GRNs) were sufficiently complex for constructing complex forms, and resource supply was less restricted. It seems that opportunities were in every corner! Early metazoans shared seafloors with vendobionts for the last 20 million years of the Ediacaran, although their ecological relationships are less known. Metazoans followed the path of evolving organs and sys-tems, developing orderly repetition of body parts, and attempting possibilities, which enable the evolution of morphological, physiological, ecological variations and complexity. While vendobionts kept their less differentiated body designs, tis-sue-grade organization, and probably osmotic physiology. Consequently, Ediacarans died off at the end of their era for un-known reasons. Thereafter metazoans rapidly diversified and generated numbers of phylum-rank stem or crown lineages with different fates. The Cambrian explosion ultimately resulted in the critical transition from microbially-dominated ecosys-tems in the Precambrian to metazoan-dominated ecosystems in the Phanerozoic. However, the temporospatial pattern of eco-systems during the Cambrian explosion is poorly understood, largely because our current knowledge is biased in metazoan evolution and redox conditions, and thus insufficient to reconstruct an ecosystem that is an integrative entirety of biotic and abiotic components. Therefore, we proposed a facies-dependent integrative approach as a working hypothesis toward a more comprehensive understanding of ecosystem evolution during the Cambrian explosion.